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<2015年度前期 優秀レポート>



岩村 柚奈さん (カナダ)

【アサインメント】国際共生 Global Studies
「何人かのその国の人に自国で最も深刻な問題と世界で最も深刻な問題が何であると考えるかインタビューし レポートしなさい 」


most serious things in canada and in the world.

I asked some person about most serious problem in Canada and most serious problem in the world. Now I am in Canada and I always feel comfortable to live here. But surprisingly Canada has a serious problem. When I hear the surprising things, I couldn’t believe it. But I think it is a very big problem in Canada and world. First I asked a university student. She said to me, Social inequality is a big problem in Canada. It related to other problems like poverty. There are rich person and poor person in Canada. In recent years, the gap between rich and poor is wider in this country. Now Canada has some programs to support people with low income or with other needs. For example, affordable housing and child care and so on. But Canada needs more efforts to make the situation better. Whenever I go to downtown, I always see a lot of homeless on the street. They always say “please change” or “I have no money to eat “.So I was very surprised very much when I looked at these people at first. Because I have never seen these people in Japan. I think that this is a serious problem in Canada but Canadian government doesn’t support for these people directly. I think that this is the most serious problem in Canada. If Canada wants to make the situation better, the government has to work on it more positively. Also poverty is serious problem in the world. I think that all people in the world should think about poverty and try to cooperate with each other and it is necessary for them to think about what oneself can do for poor person. Second, I asked an old men who is volunteer English teacher. He said to me, population of Canada is a problem. Though Canada is the country which is the second biggest in the world, there is a small population. The population of Canada is approximately 35 million people. In recent years, the population of elderly person is increasing but the birth rate decreasing . Because most Canadian don’t have a lot of babies. So government of Canada try to increasing immigrant people every year. 250,000 people of emigration enter Canada every year. But Canada needs more immigrants to improve country. And most serious problem in the world is intolerance. He thinks that all people should be treated equally. Now there are a lot of wars in the world. Because their religion and races are different. I think it is a tragic things and I think that all people should live together and understand each other to improve your quality of life. In my opinion, there are a lot of problem in the world. I think that it is necessary for all people to think about what oneself can do to make the situation better.


德永 彩菜さん (カナダ)

【アサインメント】共通課題 Common Tasks
「あなたの住む町のお気に入りの場所を3つ紹介しなさい」


About my favorite places/Ayana Tokunaga

I am living in Victoria now. My favorite places are University of Victoria, Uptown, and the Butchart Gardens. I like Victoria because this town are very beautiful, a lot of nature, and silent.

First, my favorite place is University of Victoria. I have spent about one month and two weeks in my school. I like to go to school every day because teachers and campus assistants are very kind and friendly to me. My classes are pretty good, and I can improve my English skill, so I like University of Victoria.

Second, my favorite place is Uptown. There are two famous fashion shop such as H&M and Forever 21 in Uptown. We can buy new clothing and jewelry there. Because this place is near from my school, I sometimes go shopping there after school with my classmates. In Uptown, There is most famous grocery store which is called “Walmart” in North America. I like this store because snacks are more reasonably than other stores.

Finally, my favorite place is the Butchart Gardens. This place is famous as sightseeing spot in Victoria. Many foreign tourists visit there every day to see beautiful gardens. There are a lot of beautiful flowers, for example, tulips, cherry trees, narcissus, roses, and Japanese garden. The flowers change with seasons. It is hold Butchart’s Summer Festival in summer, and we can watch beautiful fireworks on Saturday nights. There is also a gift shop there, so we can buy flower seeds of various kinds, clothing, jewelry, Canada’s souvenirs, postcards, and so on.

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根田 美里さん (オーストラリア)

【アサインメント】 地域文化 Area Studies
「その国の歴史的もしくは有名な建造物を訪ねて、自分の言葉でレポートしなさい」

Old Melbourne Gaol

I went to “Old Melbourne Gaol” which is located in Melbourne’s main city. This is actually used as prison in the past. There were 3 buildings. First one is for gaol tour. The building was the place where prisoner lived. The tour is held every 30 minutes for free, so we joint the tour. The tour guide treated us as if we were prisoners soon after the tour starts. First, we went to the reception counter, but it was pretended as interview place for prisoners. The guide gave us a script which is written fake name or fake crime, and then she asked us the crime we did. After we had a lot of moralizing and body check, the guide took us to the room where prisoners live. It was just empty room with only few iron chairs and 1 toilet. The guide showed us how the night and morning are. At night, suddenly all light turned down and the guard man says ‘sleep’ and knocks on the door, and morning, the guard ma knocks the door strongly again and again with loud voice “wake up.” It was scary for me even if it is pretended tour. And the most surprising thing is there is no wall or partition in front of toilet. The guide said one room has 5-6prisoners. There is no private. Also, there is no space that 5-6 prisoners lie down. In my opinion, the structure of inside the room is looks like Japanese Sauna room in Onsen. The guide said a lot of prisoners die in the room, so the color of room had been changing little by little by blood or death body.

the tour was extremely scary for me because I couldn’t understand what the guide is saying, but there was prison, we were prisoner, so of course, we couldn’t ask say again, and we had to answer her question soon.

After the tour, we visited 2nd wing which was museum. There used to use as prison as well, but most of room is smaller than 1st wing, and there is the place to execute. We saw a room which hangs down rope from ceiling for hanging. There are also a lot of history poster on the wall and famous prisoner’s pictures. These made us imagine what was happening here in the past easily. I heard about one man who was in prison by innocence crime. In these days, there were a lot of innocence people who were in prison. He couldn’t forgive this situation, and revenged by killing many polices. What he did may be wrong because he became guilty, but he was respected as a brave man who fought against police for reducing innocence crime.

It is cruel that in those days, Melbourne was the biggest city, but in the middle of the biggest city, many people suffered from this prison life even if they were innocence.

This is the great experience for me to think about Australian history. This gaol was especially used during World war Ⅱ, so some of the prisoners might have been in prison as a result of Japan. It is not just Australian history.

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山﨑 なつみさん (韓国)

【アサインメント】 語学 Language
「希望する誰かに日本語を教え、それをレポートしなさい」

何が違う?

東亞大学の韓国人の友人に日本語を教える機会があった。彼は日本語が堪能だが、日本語試験の高級で登場するオノマトペ(擬音・擬態語)表現について分からない部分が多かったようだ。
日本語は世界の言語の中でも非常にオノマトペを使った表現が豊富な言語である。どのようにすればオノマトペ表現について上手く教えられるか考えていた時、下の動画を見つけた。下の動画はオノマトペ表現だけで作られた歌であるが、この動画を使うと、動画に登場したオノマトペ一つ一つのニュアンス的違いは比較的分かり易く説明できたと思う。

【Japanese onomatopoeia song】https://youtu.be/-_HvrnCD-Eo

まず、人が動いている時の「とことこ」「ひょこひょこ」「すたすた」「どたどた」。この4つのニュアンス的違いを説明しようとした。どれも人物が前に進んでいる時のオノマトペであるのは明確である。あとは『どのような状態』で歩いているのか、を説明する必要があった。

「とことこ」は小さく一歩一歩、歩いている
「ひょこひょこ」は軽い気持ちで、力をこめず一歩一歩、歩いている
「すたすた」は前だけ見て比較的足早に、歩いている
「どたどた」は激しく大きく歩く、または走る

自分の経験と動画をもとに私はこのように説明した。同じ「歩く」でも、日本人が「とことこ歩く」と「すたすた歩く」を聞くとどのような様子でどのようなスピードで歩いているのか、その違いを感じ取ることができるが今回私が日本語を教えた彼は、これらを聞き取り、瞬時にその違いを認識するのは非常に難しく、日本語の分野の中で一番難しいかもしれないということだった。

その他にも、動画で「ヒリヒリ」が登場するが、では「ピリピリ」とは何が違うのか、というのも「例えば転んで膝を怪我した時、その時の痛いはヒリヒリだよ、辛いものを食べて舌が痛いのは、ピリピリだよ」という風にその言葉を使う状況にわけて説明を行った。

どれも日常的に聞いたり、話したりするオノマトペであるがこれをどのように外国人に教えるのか、というのは非常に難しいことだと感じた。そしてたとえ日本語が母国語であっても、「日本語を話せる」と「日本語を教えられる」はまた全く違う分野であることを痛感したし、今現在日本語教師をしている人々、私に韓国語を教えてくれる先生方の大変さ、難しさを知れる良い経験だったと思う。



龍谷大学 国際学部・国際文化学部

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京都市伏見区深草塚本町67
TEL:075-645-5645(代表)
FAX:075-645-6444
mail:world@ad.ryukoku.ac.jp